Our Lung AI model provides support for an early detection of eight different diseases using as an input a x-ray image.
A pneumothorax is a collapsed lung. A pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into the space between your lung and chest wall. This air pushes on the outside of your lung and makes it collapse. Pneumothorax can be a complete lung collapse or a collapse of only a portion of the lung.
A pneumothorax can be caused by a blunt or penetrating chest injury, certain medical procedures, or damage from underlying lung disease.A collapsed lung can be a life-threatening event.
The main symptoms of a pneumothorax are sudden chest pain and shortness of breath.
Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
In most cases, heart problems cause pulmonary edema. But fluid can accumulate for other reasons, including pneumonia, exposure to certain toxins and medications, trauma to the chest wall, and visiting or exercising at high elevations.
Pulmonary edema that develops suddenly (acute pulmonary edema) is a medical emergency requiring immediate care. Pulmonary edema can sometimes be fatal, but the outlook improves if you get treated quickly.
Pneumonia is an infection that inflames your lungs' air sacs. The air sacs may fill up with fluid or pus, causing symptoms such as a cough, fever, chills and trouble breathing.
Sometimes pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are so variable, and are often very similar to those seen in a cold or influenza. To diagnose pneumonia, and to try to identify the germ that is causing the illness, your doctor will ask questions about your medical history, do a physical exam, and run some tests.
Diffuse pleural thickening and is a disease of the lungs and occurs extensive scar tissue causes the pleura to thicken. The pleura are membranes that line the chest cavity and lungs. Pleural thickening may be a symptom of mesothelioma and related conditions, or it may be benign.
Thickening of the pleural tissue can become severe, completely enclosing the lungs and filling in the space between the pleura and the lungs. It may cause difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, and chest pains. Pleural thickening is one of the most common conditions connected to asbestos exposure.
Another medical condition that causes pleural thickening is a type of inflammation called fibrinous pleuritic and empyema. This condition is an accumulation of mucus in the space between the pleura. A pulmonary embolism, a blood clot in the vessels leading to the lungs, may also cause pleural thickening.
A pulmonary nodule is a small round or oval-shaped growth in the lung. It may also be called a “spot on the lung” or a “coin lesion.” Pulmonary nodules are smaller than three centimeters in diameter. If the growth is larger than that, it is called a pulmonary mass and is more likely to represent a cancer than a nodule.
Countless pulmonary nodules are discovered each year during chest X-rays or CT scans. Most nodules are noncancerous (benign). A solitary pulmonary nodule is found on up to 0.2% of all chest X-rays films. Lung nodules can be found on up to half of all lung CT scans. Risk factors for malignant pulmonary nodules include a history of smoking and older age.
Pleural effusion, sometimes referred to as “water on the lungs,” is the build-up of excess fluid between the layers of the pleura outside the lungs. The pleura are thin membranes that line the lungs and the inside of the chest cavity and act to lubricate and facilitate breathing. Normally, a small amount of fluid is present in the pleura.
Lung consolidation occurs when the air that usually fills the small airways in your lungs is replaced with something else. Depending on the cause, the air may be replaced with a fluid, such as pus, blood, or water or a solid, such as stomach contents or cells.
The appearance of your lungs on a chest X-ray, and your symptoms, are similar for all these substances. So, you’ll typically need more tests to find out why your lungs are consolidated. With appropriate treatment, the consolidation usually goes away and air returns.
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